Joseph de Maistre) and before the 1770s (e.g. The Declaration of Independence incorporated many of the ideas that were popular during the Enlightenment. Berlin argues that, while there were opponents of the Enlightenment outside of Germany (e.g.

Generally, Enlightened thinkers thought objectively and without prejudice. Other Enlightenment thinkers, like Thomas Paine, made these rights more and more egalitarian. The Enlightenment presented a challenge to traditional religious views.

Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The ideas of the Enlightenment, in particular, its faith in scientific method of investigation, its optimism that the new era of scientific-technological advancement and industrialization would lead to a world filled with happiness for all and its attempts to create a social order based on the principles of human reason, tolerance and equality, affected a […]

Reason = logical thinking 2. Liberty = individual freedoms 4.

Individuality = … Enlightenment, French siècle des Lumières (literally “century of the Enlightened”), German Aufklärung, a European intellectual movement of the 17th and 18th centuries in which ideas concerning God, reason, nature, and humanity were synthesized into a worldview that gained wide assent in the West and that instigated revolutionary developments in art, philosophy, and politics. The Enlightenment, or Age of Enlightenment, rearranged politics and government in earthshaking ways.

The Enlightenment period was a direct consequence of the Scientific Revolution. The Enlightenment thinkers stood for a number of ideals: 1. Reasoning, rationalism, and empiricism were some of the schools of thought that composed the Enlightenment. The Scientific Revolution dotted Enlightenment thinkers with a scientific method and the crucial notion that human reasoning had the power and the capabilities to change the way we function in the world and how we were able to understand it. Immanuel Kant says that the motto for the Enlightenment was “Have courage to use your own understanding. He believes that men are immature and need to grow up, but they don’t know how to do it … Enlightenment thinkers were the liberals of their day. The Enlightenment thinkers took Locke’s ideas a step further. This cultural movement embraced several types of philosophies, or approaches to thinking and exploring the world. Enlightenment thinkers were the liberals of their day. The Enlightenment had many lines of thought, and sometimes even produced contradictory tendencies. They were typically humanists who supported equality and human dignity.

Start studying Enlightenment Thinkers and Their Ideas. ! The Enlightenment thinkers were trying to create a future that was way different from their present.

Famous People of the Enlightenment. Some interesting facts about the Enlightenment period are that it was caused by the Thirty Years' War and that the Enlightenment period began in 1648. The Enlightenment or ‘Age of Reason’ was a period in the late seventeenth century and early eighteenth century, where a group of philosophers, scientists and thinkers advocated new ideas based on reason. Goodness = Man by nature is good 5. Giambattista Vico), Counter-Enlightenment thought did not start until the Germans 'rebelled against the dead hand of France in the realms of culture, art and philosophy, and avenged themselves by launching the great counter-attack against the Enlightenment.' The Enlightenment, sometimes called the 'Age of Enlightenment ', was a late 17th- and 18th-century intellectual movement emphasizing reason, individualism, and skepticism. Some of the first people to take the plunge into Enlightenment were authors John Comenius and Hugo Grotius. Progress = faith in science 3. The Founding Fathers established the United States’ Constitution upon Locke’s natural rights, expanding them to include “the pursuit of happiness”. What were some of the major themes that the Enlightenment stood for?